Country of origin: Ukraine
Flax seed, also known as linseed, is one of the ancient cultivated crops since Mesopotamian times, grown for its oilseeds and fiber. Its crunchy seeds packed with full of nutrients, omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, minerals, and essential vitamins. Of late, health benefits of flax have widely drawn the attention of nutrition researchers as well as health enthusiasts alike across the world.
Flax belongs to the family of Linaceae, of the genus of Linum, and botanically named as Linum usitatissimum.
Flax is an erect annual plant growing about 1 to 1.5 meters tall and bears light-blue color attractive flowers. It is one of the easily cultivated crops that flourishes well both in tropical as well as subtropical climates, with higher acreage production as a field crop noted in some fertile river valleys.
Flax fruit pod is a round, dry capsule of 6–9 mm diameter, containing several brown or golden-yellow seeds (depending on the cultivar type). Its seeds feature flat, smooth, glossy surface that somewhat appears like sesame seeds, but quite larger, measuring about 4–6 mm in length.
In general, there exist two common cultivars of flax; one predominantly grown for its oilseeds and the other commercial variety for obtaining fiber. Seed flax generally features brown, yellow, or golden-yellow color seeds, with most types having similar nutritional values and same amounts of short-chain omega-3 fatty acids.
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